Below is a list of publications, written or co-written, by members of the Initiative team (in chronological order):


  • CNDU staff
  • UCT FHS staff
  • *UCT FHS graduate

Open Resources: 

Coetzee, M. 2020. The role of the children’s nurse in optimising autonomic regulation: the Regul8 framework. OpenUCT

The Regul8 framework represents an approach to providing fundamental children’s nursing care. Originally known as the Seven Steps, and then the Seven (Plus One) Steps, the impetus for the work was to align emerging understandings and research outcomes with current children’s nursing practice. Concepts were developed through continuous exploration of emerging scientific fields and refined through a decade of teaching and learning alongside children’s nursing students, practitioners and educators from across Africa. The framework is designed to comprehensively address the major influences on regulatory function through an intentionally Afrocentric guide to children’s nursing care planning.


Power, N. M., North, N., Leonard, A., Bonaconsa, C., & Coetzee, M. 2020. A scoping review of mother–child separation in clinical paediatric settings. Journal of Child Health Care. Also pubished on Zenodo.

This scoping review conducted using JBI methods comprehensively explored 15 years of published research to identify the extent of the evidence relating to the impact of separation on infants and children. We aimed to identify suitable measures of the impact of mother–child separation to support development of ongoing research activities. Based on synthesis of 34 articles we conclude that the current literature consistently underlines the central importance of the mother’s presence in mediating the stressful effects of hospitalisation on her child.

Coetzee, M., Leonard, A., Bonaconsa ,C., Power, N. & North, N. 2020. Developing children’s nursing care outcome statements in Africa using World Café methods. International Nursing Review.

Nursing metrics must be sensitive to the context-specific nature of nursing and should reflect the work that nurses really do. This short communication reports on the process of developing statements of nursing care outcomes and actions specific to the work of children’s nurses in African care settings including through a workshop at the Building Children’s Nursing conference (2019), using the World Café method and the Nightingale Metrics approach. 

North, N., Leonard, A., Bonaconsa, C., Duma, T., & Coetzee, M. 2020. Distinctive nursing practices in working with mothers to care for hospitalised children at a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a descriptive observational study. BMC Nursing

The specific aims of the study described in this paper were to identify explicit nursing practices and formal policies or guidelines associated with mothers’ presence in this setting; identify and describe implicit nursing practices associated with mothers’ presence in this setting; and to facilitate articulation by nurses of the rationales and values underpinning their explicit and implicit practice in relation to facilitating the continuous presence of mothers in this setting. The nursing practices and organisational policies observed in this setting relating to the facilitation of continuous maternal presence represent a distinctive nursing practice innovation. Studies examining family involvement in hospitalised children in Africa’s paediatric care facilities have encountered difficulties when applying concepts of family involvement originating from the higher-resourced and culturally distinct practice environments of higher resourced settings including Europe and America. We offer a description of practices which enable fuller examination of the nursing knowledge and values which underpin these practices. This study is part of a larger qualitative study using an instrumental collective case study approach to observe and document children’s nursing practice in relation to family involvement in the care of hospitalised children.


Uguchukwu, U., *North, N., Sieberhagen, S., & Shung-King, M. 2019. Paediatric nurse training activity in South Africa: A short report. South African Journal Of Child Health

This paper provides an overview of current children’s nurse training activity in South Africa based on survey data, suggesting that there may be more children’s nurses available to the workforce than previously thought. The study was conducted by a postgraduate student co-supervised by CNPDI team members, who also contributed additional secondary analysis of data for publication.

*North, N., Shung-King, M., Coetzee, M. 2019. The children’s nursing workforce in Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, South Africa and Zambia: generating an initial indication of the extent of the workforce and training activity. Human Resources for Health.

Research conducted in fulfilment of the requirements of MSc(Med) degree. Supervisors: Minette Coetzee (PI) and Maylene Shung-King (co-supervisor). This study produced the first systematically gathered data about the size of the specialist children’s nursing workforce and training activity in these five African countries. Developing an accurate depiction of the specialist children’s nursing workforce is a necessary step towards optimising children’s health service delivery. This work established productive collaborations with country stakeholders, identifying gaps in data capacity and realisable potential for process improvement.

North, N., Sieberhagen, S., Bonaconsa, C., Leonard, A., Coetzee, M. 2019. Making children’s nursing practices visible: using visual and participatory techniques to describe family involvement in the care of hospitalised children in southern African settings. International Journal of Qualitative Research Methods.

This work has achieved the development of an innovative and effective portfolio of visual and participatory research methods (including photo-elicitation, sociograms and graphic facilitation), successfully applied to observing and documenting children’s nursing practices in five southern African healthcare settings. The approach provides an effective way for researchers to engage with nurses to identify previously invisible aspects of practice, enabling nurses to move from describing activities to articulating underpinning rationales and philosophies. This work is informing the development of an Afrocentric approach to practice improvement.

McKerrow, N., Doherty, D., Coetzee, M., North, N. & Bezuidenhout, M. Building a workforce for a child- and family-centred health service. South African Child Gauge. In: Shung-King, M., Lake, L., Sanders, D. & Hendricks, M. (eds) 2019. South African Child Gauge 2018/2019. Children's Institute, University of Cape Town, p. 200–211.

This collaboratively written paper summarises the current state of South Africa’s child health workforce and highlights priorities for further development of the child and adolescent health workforce. The paper presents a set of recommended core competencies for a child- and family-centred workforce which I developed. 

Leonard, A
, Bonaconsa, C, *Ssenyonga, L, Coetzee, M. 2017. Graphic facilitation as a novel approach to practice development. Nursing Children and Young People29(8), 42-45.

Coetzee M, McKerrow N, Chimwaza A, Molyneux E, North N, Sieberhagen S.2016. Building paediatric nurse training capacity for Africa, in Africa. The Lancet Global Health, 4(7):e449-e50.

When the Child Nurse Practice Development Initiative was established in 2008, South Africa was the only country in Africa training children’s nurses. This short account, published as correspondence in a special edition, describes the methods used to develop sustainable in-country training in four other African countries.

Congress proceedings (published abstract):
*Ssenyonga, L, Leonard, A, & Coetzee, M. 2016. “Articulating the paediatric neurosurgical nursing practice model of care at CURE Children’s Hospital of Uganda - challenging current thought with emerging evidence’. Child’s Nervous System. 32;10:2027. 44th Annual meeting of International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery congress (ISPN), Kobe, Japan, October 23-27, 2016

Tume, L. N., Coetzee, M., Dryden-Palmer, K., Hickey, P. A., Kinney, S., Latour, J. M., Pedreira, M. L., Sefton, G. R., Sorce, L. and Curley, M. A. 2015. Pediatric critical care nursing research priorities - Initiating international dialogue, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 16, e174-e182

Peer-reviewed chapter in a book:
Davis, C.
Chapter 8: EC Clinical Staffing for Paediatric Emergencies and Chapter 9: Training in Cheema, B. & Westwood, A. (Eds.). 2015. Standards for Paediatric Emergency Care: Expert Consensus Report for the Western Cape.

Coetzee, M., 2014, ‘Re-envisioning paediatric nurse training in a re-engineered health care system’. Curationis 37(2)1-8.

Davis, C, Hendry, I, Barlow, H, Leonard, A, White, L, Coetzee M. 2014. Journal club: Integrating research awareness into postgraduate nurse training. Curationis. 37(2), 1-9.

Leonard A, Verster A, Coetzee M. 2014. Developing family-friendly signage in a South African paediatric health care setting. Curationis.37 (2)

Okaisu, E. M., Kalikwani, F., Wanyana, G. & Coetzee, M. 2014. Improving the quality of nursing documentation: An action research project. Curationis, 37(2), 1-11.

*Ssenyonga, L., Bergman, N. & Coetzee, M. 2014. Does Decreasing Maternal Separation Of Under 6-Month Old Infants Before And After Surgery Improve Physiological Stability? A Randomised Control Trial. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 15, 54.

Book chapters:
Coetzee, M. 2010. The Multidisciplinary team: Nursing. In Westwood, T. S., H. and Kibel, M. (ed.). Child Health for All (5th edition) Cape Town: Oxford University Press.2010.

Hendry, I. 2010. Forensic care in sexual offences. In K. Joyner (Ed.), Aspects of Forensic Medicine: An Introduction for Healthcare Professionals (pp 23-44). Cape Town, South Africa: Juta.

Kotze, M., & Hendry I. 2010. Forensic care in child sexual abuse. In Joyner, K., (Ed.), Aspects of Forensic Medicine: An Introduction for Healthcare Professionals (pp 45-70). Cape Town, South Africa: Juta.

Kruger, J. & Coetzee, M. 2010. Children’s relationships with professionals. South African Child Gauge, 2011, 36-42.

Congress proceedings (published abstract):
Coetzee, M, Leonard, A
. Communicating family-friendly practice: starting by saying what we do. In: Michell WL. Critical Care Society of Southern Africa National Congress. Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 2010;26(2):59.

Davis, C., Barlow, H., Hendry, I. & Coetzee, M. Journal club: restoring the links between education and PICU clinical practice. Critical Care Society of Southern Africa National Congress. South African Journal of Critical Care, 2010. 26(2): 60 

Book chapter:
Coetzee, M. 2009. Towards child-and family-friendly health services. South African Child Gauge, 2010, 77-81.

Coetzee, M
., 2008, Spotlight on PICU: Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, Pediatric Intensive Care Nursing, 9(1), 22-24.

Congress proceedings (published abstract):
Rinquist, C., Staveski, S., Petersen, M., Moller, N., Knobel, J., Barlow, H., Lucas, J., Jonker, L., Bonaconsa, C., Tsakistos, A & Coetzee, M. 2008. An initiative aimed at Best Outcomes for Nursing Children with Excellence (BOuNCE). Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 11, 31-32.

Pre- 2008 

Coetzee, M., Britton, M., Clow, S. E., 2005. Finding the voice of clinical experience: Participatory action research with registered nurses in developing a child critical care nursing curriculum. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 21(2), 110-118.

Coetzee, M., 2005. Are children really different from adults in critical care settings? Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 21(2), 70-76.

Doherty, T. M., Coetzee, M., 2005, Community health workers and professional nurses: Defining the roles and understanding the relationshipsPublic Health Nursing, 22(4), 360-365.

Coetzee, M., 2004. Learning to nurse children: Towards a model for nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 47(6), 639-648.

Coetzee, M., 2003. Providing care locally: nurses' roles in the provision of health care in South Africa. Emeroy International Law Review, 17, 799-817.

Coetzee, M., 2000. What is it that matters most in the practice of nursing children? Curationis, 23(3), 81-85.